Hearing loss is a common issue that affects people of all ages, and it can significantly impact one's quality of life. There are different types of hearing loss, each requiring specific diagnostic approaches and treatments.

At Aanvii Hearing, we aim to provide comprehensive care for all forms of hearing loss, including conductive and mixed hearing loss. This blog will help you understand what conductive hearing loss is, how it differs from other types of hearing loss, and the available treatment options.

Also Read: Types of Hearing Loss

What is Conductive Hearing Loss?

Conductive hearing loss occurs when sound waves are not efficiently conducted through the outer ear, middle ear, or both. This type of hearing loss can be caused by various factors, including:

Earwax Buildup: Excessive earwax can block the ear canal, preventing sound from reaching the eardrum.

Outer or Middle Ear Abnormalities: Conditions like Atresia (absence of the ear canal) or a perforated eardrum can impede sound conduction.

Fluid in the Middle Ear: Often seen in ear infections, fluid accumulation can hinder the movement of sound waves.
Understanding Conductive Hearing Loss and Treatment Options | Aanvii Hearing

A ruptured eardrum (tympanic membrane perforation) is a hole or tear in the ear drum which can result in hearing loss which also makes middle ear vulnerable to infections.

Otosclerosis: Imbalanced growth of bones in the middle ear might impede the ossicles' (small bones in the ear) movement.

Mixed Hearing Loss:

Combining sensorineural and conductive hearing loss results in mixed hearing loss.  This means there are issues both in the outer/middle ear and the inner ear (cochlea) or auditory nerve. For example, a person with Otosclerosis may also have sensorineural hearing loss, or someone may have conductive issues due to ear surgery complications along with underlying sensorineural loss.
Understanding Conductive Hearing Loss and Treatment Options | Aanvii Hearing

Diagnosing Conductive and Mixed Hearing Loss:

An audiogram is a critical tool in diagnosing hearing loss. During a hearing test, both air conduction and bone conduction thresholds are measured. Here’s what the results can indicate:

Sensorineural Hearing Loss: Both air conduction and bone conduction scores are equally poor.

Conductive Hearing Loss: Air conduction scores show hearing loss, but bone conduction scores remain within the normal range.

Mixed Hearing Loss: Both air and bone conduction scores show hearing loss, but air conduction scores are worse than bone conduction scores.

Also Read: Understanding Mixed Hearing Loss

Treatment Options for Conductive and Mixed Hearing Loss

Once diagnosed, there are primarily two treatment options for conductive and mixed hearing loss:

1. Traditional Hearing Aids

Hearing aids are the most common treatment for conductive hearing loss. These devices amplify sound, making it easier to hear. They are effective for various types of hearing loss and can be customized to fit the specific needs of the user. Modern hearing aids come with numerous features, including noise reduction, directional microphones, and connectivity with smartphones and other devices.

2. Bone Anchored Implants (BAI)-

For individuals with conductive or mixed hearing loss who may not benefit from traditional hearing aids, Bone Anchored Implants (BAI) offer an alternative solution. Formerly known as Bone Anchored Hearing Aids (BAHA), these devices work by directly stimulating the cochlea through bone conduction. The implant bypasses the outer and middle ear, directly delivering sound vibrations to the inner ear. This is particularly beneficial for those with ear canal issues or chronic ear infections.
Understanding Conductive Hearing Loss and Treatment Options | Aanvii Hearing

At Aanvii Hearing, we understand that hearing loss can be challenging, but with the right diagnosis and treatment, it is possible to significantly improve one's quality of life. Whether through traditional hearing aids or advanced Bone Anchored Implants, our goal is to provide the best possible solutions for our patients.

 Book a Free Hearing Test & Trial at Aanvii Hearing 

If you suspect you have hearing loss or if you’re experiencing difficulties with your current hearing aids, don’t hesitate to schedule an appointment with us. We have a team of skilled audiologists ready to assist you in your quest for improved hearing. For more information, visit our website www.aanviihearing.com or call us at 96 5839 5839.