Types of Hearing Loss
Hearing loss is a common condition that affects people of all ages and backgrounds. It can be caused by a variety of factors, such as exposure to loud noise, aging and certain medical conditions. Understanding the different types of hearing loss can help individuals identify the cause of their hearing loss and seek appropriate treatment. In this blog post, we will take a closer look at the different types of hearing loss, including their causes and symptoms.
Sensorineural hearing loss
This is the most common type of hearing loss and is caused by damage to the inner ear or the nerve pathways that transmit sound to the brain. It is often caused by aging, exposure to loud noise or certain medical conditions such as Meniere's disease. Sensorineural hearing loss can result in difficulty hearing certain frequencies, such as high-pitched sounds and can also cause a ringing or buzzing in the ears.
Conductive hearing loss
This type of hearing loss is caused by a problem in the outer or middle ear, such as a build-up of earwax, a punctured eardrum or a problem with the ossicles (small bones) in the middle ear. Conductive hearing loss can result in difficulty hearing sounds that are at a normal volume and can also cause a feeling of fullness in the ear.
Mixed hearing loss
As the name suggests, this type of hearing loss is a combination of sensorineural and conductive hearing loss. It can be caused by a combination of factors such as age-related hearing loss and a build-up of earwax.
Auditory Neuropathy Spectrum Disorder (ANSD)
It is a condition in which sound enters the ear normally but the transmission of sound from the ear to the brain is impaired. This can be due to damage to the auditory nerve or to the hair cells in the inner ear.
Central hearing loss
This type of hearing loss is caused by damage to the brain or the nerve pathways that transmit sound from the ear to the brain. It can be caused by a variety of factors, including stroke, traumatic brain injury and certain medical conditions such as multiple sclerosis.
It is important to note that hearing loss can have a significant impact on an individual's quality of life and can lead to social isolation and depression. If you suspect that you have hearing loss, it is important to consult with a hearing healthcare professional for a proper diagnosis and treatment.
A hearing healthcare professional can recommend hearing aids, cochlear implants or other assistive devices and therapies to help you manage your hearing loss and improve your quality of life.